Nanook of the North movie poster.Adolf Hitler being filmed in Paris 1940.Fahrenheit 9/11 movie poster.

Discover great deals on the many hard to find and one of a kind items available only on ebay!

Documentary

Documentary film is a broad category of cinematic expression united by the intent to remain factual or non-fictional. more...

HomeHome
ActionAction
Art FilmsArt Films
ClassicsClassics
ComedyComedy
DocumentaryDocumentary
DramaDrama
HorrorHorror
Movie PropsMovie Props
Sci-Fi / FantasySci-Fi / Fantasy

History

Pre-1900

The French used the term to refer to any non-fiction including travelogues and instructional videos. The earliest "moving pictures" were by definition documentary. They were single shots, moments captured on film, whether of a train entering a station, a boat docking, or a factory of people getting off work. Early film (pre-1900) was dominated by the novelty of showing an event. These short films were called (ctuality film|actuality films) Very little storytelling took place before the turn of the century, due mostly to technological limitations: cameras could hold only very small amounts of film; many of the first films are a minute or less in length.

Romanticism

With Robert J. Flaherty's Nanook of the North in 1922, documentary film embraced romanticism; Flaherty went on to film a number of heavily staged romantic films, usually showing how his subjects would have lived 100 years earlier and not how they lived right then (for instance, in Nanook of the North Flaherty does not allow his subjects to shoot a walrus with a nearby shotgun, but has them use a harpoon instead, putting themselves in considerable danger).

Some of Flaherty's staging, such as building a roofless igloo for interior shots, was done to accommodate the filming technology of the time.

Newsreel tradition

The newsreel tradition is an important tradition in documentary film; newsreels were also sometimes staged but were usually reenactments of events that had already happened, not attempts to steer events as they were in the process of happening. For instance, much of the battle footage from the early 20th century was staged -- the cameramen would usually arrive on site after a major battle and reenact scenes to film them. Dziga Vertov was involved with the Russian Kino-Pravda newsreel series ("Kino-Pravda" means literally, "film-truth," a term that was later translated literally into the French cinema verite). Frank Capra's Why We Fight series was a newsreel series in the United States, commissioned by the government to convince the U.S. public that it was time to go to war.

Realist tradition

The continental, or realist, tradition focused on man within man-made environments, and included the so-called "city symphony" films such as Berlin, Symphony of a City, Rien que les Heures, and Man with the Movie Camera. These films tended to feature people as products of their environment, and leaned towards the impersonal or avant-garde.

Propagandist tradition

The propagandist tradition consisted of films made with the explicit purpose of persuading an audience of a point. One of the most notorious propaganda films is Leni Riefenstahl's film Triumph of the Will. Why We Fight was explicitly contracted as a propaganda newsreel series in response to this, covering different aspects of World War II, and had the daunting task of persuading the US public to go to war. The series has been selected for preservation in the United States' National Film Registry. In Britain, Humphrey Jennings succeeded in blending propaganda with a poetic approach to documentary.

J. Grierson and D. Vertov

In the 1930s, documentarian and film critic John Grierson argued in his essay First Principles of Documentary that Robert Flaherty's film Moana had "documentary value," and put forward a number of principles of documentary. These principles were that cinema's potential for observing life could be exploited in a new art form; that the "original" actor and "original" scene are better guides than their fiction counterparts to interpreting the modern world; and that materials "thus taken from the raw" can be more real than the acted article. In this regard, Grierson's views align with Dziga Vertov's contempt for dramatic fiction as "bourgeois excess," though with considerably more subtlety. Grierson's definition of documentary as "creative treatment of actuality" has gained some acceptance, though it presents philosophical questions about documentaries containing stagings and reenactments.

In his essays, Vertov argued for presenting "life as it is" (that is, life filmed surreptitiously) and "life caught unawares" (life provoked or surprised by the camera). Cinema verite borrows from both Italian neorealism's penchant for shooting non-actors on location, and the French New Wave's use of largely unscripted action and improvised dialogue; the filmmakers took advantage of advances in technology allowing smaller, handheld cameras and synchronized sound to film events on location as they unfold.

Cinéma vérité

The films Harlan County, U.S.A. (directed by Barbara Kopple), Dont Look Back (D. A. Pennebaker), Lonely Boy (Wolf Koenig and Roman Kroitor) and Chronicle of a Summer (Jean Rouch) are all considered cinéma vérité. Although sometimes used interchangeably, there are important differences between cinéma vérité (Jean Rouch) and the North American "Direct Cinema", pioneered among others by French Canadian Michel Brault, Pierre Perrault, Richard Leacock, Frederick Wiseman and Albert and David Maysles. The directors of the movement take different viewpoints on their degree of involvement, Kopple and Pennebaker, for instance, choosing non-involvement, and Rouch, Koenig, and Kroitor favoring direct involvement or even provocation when they deem it necessary. The fundamentals of the style include following a person during a crisis with a moving camera (not a tripod) to capture more personal reactions. There are no sit-down interviews, and the shooting ratio (the amount of film shot to the finished product) is very high, often reaching 80:1. From there, editors find and sculpt the work into a film. The editors of the movement, Charlotte Zwerin, Muffie Myers, Susan Froemke, and Ellen Hovde are often overlooked, but their input to the film so vital that they were often given co-director credits. Famous cinéma vérité/direct cinema films include Showman, Salesman, The Children Were Watching, Primary, Behind a Presidential Crisis, and Grey Gardens.

Read more at Wikipedia.org


[List your site here Free!]

Lot of 100 Used Assorted Dvd Movies - 100 Bulk Dvds - Used Dvds Lot - WholesaleLot of 100 Used Assorted Dvd Movies - 100 Bulk Dvds - Used Dvds Lot - Wholesale $42.94 Superstar George Michael Dvd 2021 Documentary Wham! Sam Smith and Paula AbdulSuperstar George Michael Dvd 2021 Documentary Wham! Sam Smith and Paula Abdul $13.99
The Plot Against The President (Dvd,2020) (tidd820900d)The Plot Against The President (Dvd,2020) (tidd820900d) $25.87 New ListingOlivia Newton-John Video Archives 2016-2021 2 Dvd Set Interviews DocumentariesNew ListingOlivia Newton-John Video Archives 2016-2021 2 Dvd Set Interviews Documentaries $16.99
Jfk to 9/11: Everything is a Rich Mans Trick Dvd NewJfk to 9/11: Everything is a Rich Mans Trick Dvd New $15.99 Bettie Page Reveals All [New Dvd]Bettie Page Reveals All [New Dvd] $12.69
The Most Reluctant Convert: The Untold Story of C.S. Lewis New Dvd DocumentaryThe Most Reluctant Convert: The Untold Story of C.S. Lewis New Dvd Documentary $17.00 Jfkii - The Bush Connection - Complete Documentary DvdJfkii - The Bush Connection - Complete Documentary Dvd $2.95
2000 Mules (Dvd) Dinesh D'Souza Brand New *Free Fast First Class Mail*2000 Mules (Dvd) Dinesh D'Souza Brand New *Free Fast First Class Mail* $28.50 Olivia Newton-John Down Under 1988 (Remastered from LaserDisc to Dvd) Music VidsOlivia Newton-John Down Under 1988 (Remastered from LaserDisc to Dvd) Music Vids $17.99
Architects and Engineers for 9/11 Truth Documentary DvdArchitects and Engineers for 9/11 Truth Documentary Dvd $10.99 2000 Mules-New Dvd-Unopened-Fast Shipping In Usa-Lowest Price On The Internet!2000 Mules-New Dvd-Unopened-Fast Shipping In Usa-Lowest Price On The Internet! $20.88
Over Washington [Documentary][Tv Show] DvdOver Washington [Documentary][Tv Show] Dvd $5.62 New ListingBestgore Mixtape 1&2 Shockumentary Ogrish Mondo Ync StarsNew ListingBestgore Mixtape 1&2 Shockumentary Ogrish Mondo Ync Stars $50.00
Transporter 3 (Single-Disc Edition) - Dvd - Very GoodTransporter 3 (Single-Disc Edition) - Dvd - Very Good $4.39 Star Trek Deep Space Nine: The Complete Series (2017, 47-Disc Dvd Set)Star Trek Deep Space Nine: The Complete Series (2017, 47-Disc Dvd Set) $72.95
Journey into Fear, 1943 starring Joseph Cotten and Delores Del RioJourney into Fear, 1943 starring Joseph Cotten and Delores Del Rio $14.99 Kedi [New Dvd]Kedi [New Dvd] $20.47
Black Widow, 1987 starring Debra Winger and Theresa RussellBlack Widow, 1987 starring Debra Winger and Theresa Russell $14.99 Motley Crue - The Dirt (2019) Movie Dvd Mötley Crüe NewMotley Crue - The Dirt (2019) Movie Dvd Mötley Crüe New $13.95
2000 Mules Documentary Dvd by Dinesh D'Souza2000 Mules Documentary Dvd by Dinesh D'Souza $26.88 The Beatles: Get Back (Dvd,2021) (disd233083d)The Beatles: Get Back (Dvd,2021) (disd233083d) $35.09
Wholesale Lot of 100 Used Dvd Assorted Bulk Free S&H Video Dvds CheapWholesale Lot of 100 Used Dvd Assorted Bulk Free S&H Video Dvds Cheap $42.99 Buck Breaking Dvd - Documentary - Political - Brand New w/ Free ShippingBuck Breaking Dvd - Documentary - Political - Brand New w/ Free Shipping $9.95
2000 Mules Documentary Dvd by Dinesh D'Souza ! Us region Dvd ! Fast shipping2000 Mules Documentary Dvd by Dinesh D'Souza ! Us region Dvd ! Fast shipping $20.69 Vaxxed: From Cover Up to Castastrophe [New Dvd]Vaxxed: From Cover Up to Castastrophe [New Dvd] $15.67
Michael Landon, 2 Rare Dvds ~ Biography Documentary + Sam'S SonMichael Landon, 2 Rare Dvds ~ Biography Documentary + Sam'S Son $23.99 Buster Keaton Rides Again / Helicopter Canada [New Blu-ray]Buster Keaton Rides Again / Helicopter Canada [New Blu-ray] $23.83
Cocksucker Blues 1972 The Rolling Stones A Documentary by filmmaker Robert FrankCocksucker Blues 1972 The Rolling Stones A Documentary by filmmaker Robert Frank $10.99 Buck Breaking DvdBuck Breaking Dvd $8.98
Baseball: A Film by Ken Burns (Dvd, 11-Disc Set) New Handling 1 business DayBaseball: A Film by Ken Burns (Dvd, 11-Disc Set) New Handling 1 business Day $19.50 $18.37
Zeitgeist 2007 Documentary, History Movie DvdZeitgeist 2007 Documentary, History Movie Dvd $8.79 Ken Burns: Country Music [New Blu-ray] Boxed SetKen Burns: Country Music [New Blu-ray] Boxed Set $51.72
Godzilla: The Raymond Burr (as Steve Martin) Collection - Blu Ray w/ Bonus DvdGodzilla: The Raymond Burr (as Steve Martin) Collection - Blu Ray w/ Bonus Dvd $16.95 Aliens, Abductions & Extraordinary Sightings: A Paranormal DocumentaryAliens, Abductions & Extraordinary Sightings: A Paranormal Documentary $5.24
Woodstock ‘99 “Peace, Love, and Rage” Dvd 2021 Documentary Mustaine MetallicaWoodstock ‘99 “Peace, Love, and Rage” Dvd 2021 Documentary Mustaine Metallica $18.99 Ancient Aliens: Season 14 [New Dvd] 2 Pack, Dolby, Subtitled, WidescreenAncient Aliens: Season 14 [New Dvd] 2 Pack, Dolby, Subtitled, Widescreen $16.36
Star Wars: Episode Iii - Revenge of the Sith (Widescreen Edition) - Very GoodStar Wars: Episode Iii - Revenge of the Sith (Widescreen Edition) - Very Good $3.59 If I Leave Here Tomorrow: A Film About Lynyrd Skynyrd Dvd (2018 Documentary)If I Leave Here Tomorrow: A Film About Lynyrd Skynyrd Dvd (2018 Documentary) $18.99
Trump Card New Sealed Dvd Documentary Donald Trump Dinesh D SouzaTrump Card New Sealed Dvd Documentary Donald Trump Dinesh D Souza $17.95 American Guns: 13 Part Documentary Series DvdAmerican Guns: 13 Part Documentary Series Dvd $2.98
New ListingDead Solid Perfect Dvd Golf cult classic Randy Quaid Jack Warden rare OopNew ListingDead Solid Perfect Dvd Golf cult classic Randy Quaid Jack Warden rare Oop $10.99 Out Of Shadows Documentary DvdOut Of Shadows Documentary Dvd $10.99
Echoes Of Time [New Dvd]Echoes Of Time [New Dvd] $4.31 New ListingPandas 4K Ultra Hd Blu-Ray, Digital Best Buy Exclusive New SealedNew ListingPandas 4K Ultra Hd Blu-Ray, Digital Best Buy Exclusive New Sealed $7.95
Carl Sagan - Cosmos A Personal Voyage [Dvd]Carl Sagan - Cosmos A Personal Voyage [Dvd] $34.99 Vietnam War: America's Conflict - Dvd By Documentary - Very GoodVietnam War: America's Conflict - Dvd By Documentary - Very Good $3.94
Greyhound (Ww2) (Tom Hanks) 2020 Dvd, Region 1 Columbia Pictures RareGreyhound (Ww2) (Tom Hanks) 2020 Dvd, Region 1 Columbia Pictures Rare $42.00 Corvette Summer, 1978 starring Mark Hamill and Anne PottsCorvette Summer, 1978 starring Mark Hamill and Anne Potts $14.99
Click to see more Documentary items at www.ebay.com
Prices current as of last update, 08/11/22 5:31am.

Home Contact Resources Exchange Links ebay