Shichinin no samurai
The Seven Samurai (七人の侍 Shichinin no samurai, 1954) is a movie by Akira Kurosawa starring Takashi Shimura and Toshiro Mifune. The film takes place in war-ridden 16th century Japan, where a village of farmers looks for ways to ward off a band of marauding robbers. Since they do not know how to fight, they hire seven ronin (lordless samurai) to fight for them. Kurosawa made The Seven Samurai because he wanted to make a real jidaigeki, a period-film that would present the past as meaningful, while also being an entertaining film. Perhaps the most remarkable aspect of the film is Kurosawa's use of the camera. In one scene, the samurai form a vignette, grouped around a campfire. There is long exchange and the characters move about and interact. At the end of the scene they become still and a new vignette is presented. This is all achieved in a single shot, a tribute to the skill of director, actors, cameraman and all the other technicians. more...
The Seven Samurai is widely regarded as a significant film in many respects. It is regarded by many as one of Akira Kurosawa's greatest achievements. Both on a national and international level, it is regarded as one of the greatest Japanese films ever made, and has been declared the best Japanese movie by many organizations and polls. It is also one of the few Japanese films to become widely known in the West, and is the subject of both popular and critical acclaim; it consistently ranks in the top ten movies on the IMDb Top 250 List and was voted one of the Sight & Sound Directors' Top Ten movies in 2002.
This movie was also an important milestone in movie history. The single largest undertaking by a Japanese filmmaker at the time, it was a technical and creative watershed that became Japan's highest-grossing movie and set a new standard for the industry. Many regard it as the epitome of the action movie, defining such plot elements as the recruiting/gathering of heroes who each display a select talent to form a team, a device since used in many other action movies. Other plot devices such as the reluctant hero, romance between a local girl and youngest hero, and the nervousness of the common citizenry had appeared in other films before this but meshed perfectly in this film. Its use of such cinematographic elements as slow motion and panning battle shots helped to create a movie that would influence cinema worldwide. After the earlier success of Rashomon, this movie solidified Kurosawa as a talent in worldwide film circles. In the decades after its release, The Seven Samurai would inspire many screenwriters and directors, particularly in Hollywood.
The seven are:
- Kambei Shimada (Takashi Shimura) — the leader
- Katsushiro Okamoto (Isao "Ko" Kimura) — the young samurai who wants to be Kambei's disciple
- Gorobei Katayama (Yoshio Inaba) — a skilled samurai whom Kambei adopts as his right-hand man
- Shichiroji (Daisuke Kato) — an old comrade of Kambei reunited with his friend
- Kyuzo (Seiji Miyaguchi) — a serious, stone-faced samurai who is a supremely skilled swordsman
- Heihachi Hayashida (Minoru Chiaki) — an amiable samurai, lacking in skill, but who retains good cheer in the face of adversity
- Kikuchiyo (Toshiro Mifune) — a clowning would-be samurai who soon proves his worth to the others
The story unfolds gradually, and the heroes are not the cardboard cutouts popular in some action movies. There is a chemistry developing between the villagers and their helpers, and a fairly continuous role reversal. For instance, to attract the samurai into helping them cheaply, the villagers have to act dumb and poor. Later, when the samurai find out what the villagers are really like and think of rebelling against their clients, the clownish samurai Kikuchiyo turns around and shows his real intelligence by convincing his fellow warriors of their need to fight for their clients.
The film's climax is a battle scene, in which the samurai and villagers successfully drive off the attackers. However, four of the hired defenders do not survive the victory, and the remaining three are left to contemplate the village's victory celebration while ruefully noting that the villagers, while grateful for having preserved their land and their families, will not have much use for the warriors now that the fighting is done.
Several versions have been released, ranging in length from 141 to 160 minutes; the Japanese original and the U.S. reissue are both 203 minutes long.
- Find hungry samurai. -- Gisaku
- Fields in front. The village is wide open to horsemen... until the fields are flooded. One guard for each direction takes four. Two more as a reserve. You'll need at least... seven, including me. -- Kambei
- Don't you see? A real sword will kill you. -- Kyuzo
- What's the use of worrying about your beard when your head's about to be taken? -- Gisaku
- What do you think of farmers? You think they're saints? Hah! They're foxy beasts! They say, "We've got no rice, we've no wheat. We've got nothing!" But they have! They have everything! Dig under the floors! Or search the barns! You'll find plenty! Beans, salt, rice, sake! Look in the valleys, they've got hidden warehouses! They pose as saints but are full of lies! If they smell a battle, they hunt the defeated! They're nothing but stingy, greedy, blubbering, foxy, and mean! God damn it all! But then who made them such beasts? You did! You samurai did it! You burn their villages! Destroy their farms! Steal their food! Force them to labour! Take their women! And kill them if they resist! So what should farmers do? -- Kikuchiyo
- You're a farmer's son, aren't you? -- Kambei, answering Kikuchiyo's rant
- There are only three houses beyond the bridge and there are twenty in the village. We cannot endanger twenty because of three. ... And if the village is destroyed, those three will not be safe anyway. ... War is like that. If the defence is for everyone, each individual will be protected. The man who thinks only of himself, destroys himself. From now on such desertion will be punished -- Kambei
- This baby. It's me! The same thing happened to me! -- Kikuchiyo
- A good fort needs a gap. The enemy must be lured in. So we can attack them. If we only defend, we lose the war. -- Kambei
- So. Again we are defeated. The farmers have won. Not us. -- Kambei Shimada (Last Line)
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