Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (Traditional: 臥虎藏龍; Simplified: 卧虎藏龙; Hanyu Pinyin: Wò Hǔ Cáng Lóng) is a wuxia ("martial arts and chivalry") film released in 2000. more...
It is a China/Hong Kong/Taiwan/USA co-produced film. It was directed by Ang Lee and starred Chow Yun-Fat, Michelle Yeoh, and Zhang Ziyi. It was choreographed by Yuen Wo Ping (袁和平; pinyin: Yuán Hépíng) and based on the fourth novel in a pentalogy, known in China as the Crane/Iron Pentalogy by Wang Dulu (王度盧; pinyin: Wáng Dùlú).
Made on a mere $15 million budget, with dialogue in Mandarin, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon became an international success. It grossed US$128 million in the United States alone, where foreign-language films are very rarely embraced by the public. The critically-acclaimed movie was nominated for numerous awards around the world including the Academy Awards' Best Picture. It won four Academy Awards, including Best Foreign Language Film. The score by composer Tan Dun also received much acclaim. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon received the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation in 2001.
It was filmed in the Anhui and Xinjiang provinces of China.
Although a fiction, the story is set in the Qing Dynasty in China, likely during the reign of the Kangxi Emperor (circa 1680). Support for this is found in the props, the hair and clothing styles, the appearance of a telescope and the fact that the desert raiders still expected government officials to be Han Chinese, as opposed to Manchu.
The story follows two experienced and legendary martial arts warriors, Li Mu Bai (李慕白; pinyin: Lǐ Mùbái) (played by Chow Yun-Fat) and Yu Shu Lien (余秀蓮; pinyin: Yú Xiùlián) (played by Michelle Yeoh). Both are in love but feel they cannot act on their feelings because of a previous commitment years ago, when Shu Lien was bethrothed to be married to Mu Bai's "Brother by Oath". Meanwhile Jen (玉嬌龍; pinyin: Yù Jiāolóng) (played by Zhang Ziyi), a Manchu aristocrat's daughter, yearns for adventure, not life as a court wife. Jen is a secret apprentice to the evil warrior woman Jade Fox (whom Mu Bai has sworn to kill for the death of his master). Jen fights with Mu Bai on several occasions, but he refuses to kill her because he wants to train her as his apprentice. Jen also fights with Shu Lien, who spares her out of feelings of love and friendship. Jen is headstrong in her powers and emboldened by her forbidden love to the desert bandit Lo (played by Chang Chen), and consequently she does not accept Mu Bai as a master nor Shu Lien as a friend.
The title Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (臥虎藏龍) is attributed to a Chinese saying which teaches one to conceal one's strengths from others in order to preserve the element of surprise. In the Chinese version of the movie, Lo is named Xiao Hu which means "Little Tiger" and Jen is called by the nickname Jiao Long which means "Pampered Dragon."
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